ERA-MIN 2014 RAREASH

Assessment of Possible Recycling Directions of Heavy & Rare Metals Recovered from Combustion Waste Products

About the project

Project objectives


The project aims to demonstrate by a detailed fundamental and applied investigation the technically feasible alternative for strategic metals production as heavy and Rare Metals (HRM) consisting of Lanthanides: Lanthan (La), Cerium (Ce), Praseodymium (Pr), Neodymium (Nd), Promethium (Pm), Samarium (Sm), Europium (Eu), Gadolinium (Gd), Terbium (Tb), Dysprosium (Dy), Holmium (Ho), Erbium (Er), Thulium (Tm), YƩerbium (Yb), Lutetium (Lu), including Gallium (Ga), Strontium (Sr), Rubidium (Rb), Ytterbium (Y) and Tungsten (Wolfram), by utilizing fresh and reuse landfilled fly ash and bottom ash as a source source (pulverized) rock. The proposed approach, with a very limited experience in Europe and even worldwide, demonstrates innovative methods/technologies to develop metal recovery processes and transform wastes into high-grade and valuable metals with various applications, creating the possibility for a fast and low-cost access to strategic metals and a widespread saving of EU primary mineral resources.

The project expects to achieve results to be used as an iniƟal basis for the advanced, waste-less and environmentally safety utilization of various ashes to obtain concentrates, high purity reactives, metals and metallic salts, catalysts and adsorbents, metal and oxide nanoparticles, single or deposited on silica, scale controlled and functionalized and solar collectors precursors manufacturing to be used in high-tech, chemical, environmental and metallurgical purposes.

The project objectives involve: i) experimental models for sampling and characterization of raw materials; ii) inventory and mapping of the residue streams distribution within the selected sites; iii) preliminary preparation of the ashes provided from the industrial dump; iv) experimental sampling and physical haracterization of ash samples; v) analytical solutions for HRM separation and processing by several extraction techniques; vi) synthesis and characterization of high purity reactives, metals and metallic salts, novel nanostructured metal oxides catalysts on various supports; vii) finding solution for reuse the ash wastes remaining after acid treatments; viii) dissemination of results by organising a workshop, preparing scientific articles, patent application, market potential replication.

Project actions


  • Technical documentation concerning actual supply (including representative sites selecrion in the networking countries), storage and characteristics of the targeted non-energy industrial wastes
  • Mapping the location and the properties of landfilled coal ashes, as an alternative prospective mean to virgin resources and environmentally beneficial route to obtain valuable materials
  • Conduct sampling campaigns in targeted sites, selecting and complex characterization of representative samples provided from three different countries and sources
  • Identify procedures/methods to separate/recycling/recovery the targeted HRM
  • Achieving new ways of recycling ashes to valorize each waste individual characteristics
  • Establishing the technical solutions for selection and optimization of the chosen demonstrative laboratory scale flow sheet procedures/methods
  • Improvement and elaboration of new technologies for separation of the mixture components and components recovery (oxide nanoparticles, metallic nanoparticles, reactives)
  • Assessment of technical-economic feasibility of the proposed separation and recovery procedures/methods
  • Obtaining of experimental concentrates, reactive and pure metals, catalysts and adsorbents for depollution purposes, preparation of metal and oxide nanoparticles for the use in High-Tech, in the present case on solar collectors precursors manufacturing
  • Complex analysis of the remaining residue and finding ways for valorization / recycling
RareAsh, is focused to comply with the EU priorities by the proposed actions which are innovative (by using recovery methods based on acids and not on cyanides) and have a demonstrative character at laboratory scale, proven by:
  • application to non-energy secondary raw materials from Romania and Poland (fly ash, bottom ash, ash and slag wastes from coal fired power plants) in opposition to EU wide produced ash types from globally commercialized coals, such as in Portugal
  • application of different separation methods (flotation, hydro-metallurgical, precipitation, ion exchangers, electrolysis)
  • new technologies for the obtaining of precursors / products of HRM concentrates, high purity reactives, catalysts, precursors for the alternative power and “green energy” technologies

European context


European industries in the automotive, aviation, wind power, photovoltaic and lighting industries, as well as in the high-tech sector as whole, used tons of raw materials each day for their products. However, since its domestic production is limited to 3% of the world production, the EU is highly dependent on the import of many metals used. The EU faces a number of critical issues that can endanger the security of supply of the highly diversified mineral resources needed by its economy. Securing supplies has therefore become crucial. This requires advanced research on the entire value chain of raw-materials, from ore extraction to mineral processing, and from product design to reuse and recycling.

ERA-MIN (www.era-min-eu.org) call is an ERA-NET program on the Industrial Handling of Raw Materials for European industries and is supported by the European Commission's 7th Framework Programme. It was aimed at seƫng up networks and mechanisms to foster research in the field of industrial production and supply of raw materials, in line with the “EU Raw Materials Initiative”.

Topics

ERA-MIN focuses on the issues related to the three segments of the non-energy mineral resources: construction minerals, industrial minerals and metallic minerals.

The topics addressed by ERA-MIN cover the entire raw materials value chain: from primary to secondary resources, substitution of scarce elements, as well as cross-cutting issues like the mitigation of environ-mental impacts and raising public awareness.

ERA-MIN aims at overcoming the current state of fragmentation of research in the field of raw material supply and production by developing convergence and synergies at EU level between national research programs, industry, and with research programs led by the European Commission.

Tasks and objectives

The main objective of ERA-MIN is to foster coordinated research on the entire raw materials value chain.

To achieve these objectives, ERA-MIN is conducting three main tasks:

  • Mapping and networking the European nonenergy mineral raw materials research community
  • Roadmapping research priorities
  • Implementing joint actions and, especially, a joint call

Networking


ERA-MIN creates networks at several levels within the European non-energy mineral raw materials research community:
  • Networking between the EU Member States to build common and long-lasting interfaces between industry, research, education and policy-makers
  • Networking of national, regional and European research programs to reduce fragmentation and duplication of research.
  • Networking of the contrasted European non-energy mineral raw materials research community (ENERC).

An integrated approach to research - the entire raw materials value chain requires the involvement of many skills and varying expertises: Earth, environmental, life, social and material sciences, engineering and processing and knowledge from organisations involved in the recycling, down-stream users of raw materials and economists

ERA-MIN currently comprises 19 partners that are research-funding organisations (15 full members and three associated partners) from 15 countries.

Background


The scope of ERA-MIN is in line with the Europe 2020 aim to achieve smart, sustainable and inclusive growth. As the global population is expected to increase to 9 billion by 2050, resource demands will start to outstrip the capacity to supply some of them in economically, environmentally and socially sound conditions. New technologies in almost any field of daily life will require increasing use of crucial non-energy raw materials. Challenges from the new technologies will additionally affect the demand for non-energy mineral raw materials.

New technologies in almost any area of the daily life will require increasing use of crucial non-energy raw materials, which will also affect the demand for non- energy mineral raw materials. As large, rich deposits located in countries that offer access to their mineral resources are getting rare, research is vital to explore deeper-seated deposits in Europe, deposits in higher risk countries and to develop knowledge on unconventional resources.

The efficiency of material production and use throughout the whole supply chain needs to be improved, turning this chain into a materials circle where waste becomes the resource needed by another process, and dissipation is avoided as much as possible. Additionally, a significant reduction can be achieved by substituting scarce elements by more abundant ones with the same functionalities, or by substituting the functionality itself.

To achieve this, innovative recycling technologies for technology metals from complex products are as important as non-technical innovations to obtain better access to secondary resources and ensure their resource efficient processing throughout the recycling chain.

Project results

Expected results


RareAsh's driving proposed results are related to:

(I) Demand for 21 critical materials as Lanthanides, Scandium, Yttrium, Gallium, Strontium, Rubidium, and Wolfram which is expected to increase since they are needed in the new generation of high-tech materials used by the EU industries;

(II) Recycling large volumes of coal ash waste generated every year cannot be ignored as one of the most promising and potential non-energy secondary unconventional resource of HRM in Europe;

(III) Maximising valuable metal recoveries of the production processes, by choosing of the appropriate methods;

(IV) Environmental goals like combustion waste reduction from landfill sites, reduced mass movement and land use, decreasing CO2 emissions from conventional mining activities;

(V) Contribute to securing a sustainable supply of mineral resources for the EU countries;

(VI) Health and safety aspects;

(VII) Creation of highly skilled jobs and improvement of economic activity.

Environmental


  • The utilization and reuse of large volumes of coal ashes generated every year and/or landfilled for HRM extraction purposes, will secure in the future a sustainable supply of critical mineral resources for the EU countries;
  • Preserve natural resources, which would otherwise be obtained from natural raw materials by using unconventional secondary resources - fresh and land-filled fly ash and boom ash - the same way as any other source so (pulverized) rock for strategic metals production such as Lanthanides, Ga, Sr, Rb, Y and W;
  • Waste-less and environmentally safety utilization of various ashes by residue valorization, and recovery of metals with mineral acids instead cyanides;
  • Promoting and contributing for sustainable of waste management and waste zero directives application within the EU, facing lowest remaining reserves and same environmental problems.

Technical-economic


  • Utilizing coal waste products (CWP) as secondary resources in EU and winning back materials by recycling waste streams, to make EU less dependent on raw materials from elsewhere, and to save EU natural resources;
  • Develop metal recovery processes and transform wastes, enriched in metal concentrations similar to those in some mineral ores, as one of the most promising secondary resource into high-grade and valuable metals with various applications, for which previously the technical and/or economical recovery feasibility was not existing;
  • Metal recovery from coal ash may be more efficient than the recovery of metals from mineral ores since the physical form is more amenable to processing by several extraction techniques and processes. Thus, me, energy, environment and economic efforts are considerably reduced;
  • Obtaining information about composition/metals distribution in these mineral combustion residues and its physical properties (type of 'rock') and about evolution and overall availability of historic dumps;
  • Maximizing valuable metal recoveries of the production processes, by appropriate methods/technical solutions for selection and optimization (precipitation, ion exchange, electrolysis, microemulsion) which will valorize the individual characteristics of each waste;
  • Obtaining of HRM concentrates with rare earth high content, as a key intermediary in the production process and a by-product of the HRM extraction process;
  • Obtaining of high purity reactives, metals and metallic salts, catalysts and adsorbents, metal and oxide nanoparticles, single or deposited on silica, scale controlled and functionalized and solar collectors precursors that will be possible used in high-tech, chemical, environmental and metallurgical purposes;
  • Securing a sustainable supply of HRM for the EU countries when the use of rare earths in high-tech is increasing dramatically and the demand for rare earths will continue to grow significantly.
  • Promoting “Eco labelling of secondary resources” to inform potential customers and allow for sustainable procurement.

Social


(1) To contribute to new areas of development, economy reinforcement, high qualified jobs, and EU autonomy and security;

(2) To increase the quality of life in urban and rural areas by reducing the health and environmental impact caused by extraction activities, and landfills;

(3) To increase the people's level of awareness and trust in conserving of natural resources by wastes recycling;

(4) To develop reference documentary for people's awareness on long term environmental raw materials securing supply;

(5) To increase the level of people's trust that recycling offers significant investment, innovation and employment opportunities in the EU.

HRM in combustion waste products (ashes)


Industrial technologies have been developed to extract Ge from CWP used by different companies in Russia, China and other countries. Under experimental and industrial conditions, the technologies for the extraction of Ga, Mo, Pb, and Zn together with Ge.

The UK has already a full-scale plant, and other countries launched efforts to extract materials from coal fly ash, since the extracted value per ton is over US$1000.

RareAsh – the proof of circular economy concept


Black to Green using Gray requires the transition to a "green economy, circular economy" by connection between economic development, biodiversity, ecosystems, climate change, health and peoples welfare in the medium and long term. By applying the concept of "green economy, circular economy", RareAsh project is aiming:

  • New separation solutions in order to prevent excessive use of natural resources for HRMs recovery, with the main objective of reducing environmental risks;
  • Long-term alternative to substitute primary raw materials with ash, as secondary raw material, in order to improve quality of life.

Up to date results


Achieved results


1Romania
Rezumatul etapelor 2015-2016

Rezumatul Etapei I - 2015 si Etapei II - 2016 se prezinta pe activitati, astfel:

Activitate.I.1.
UPB a elaborat un Studiu privind potenţialul de resurse secundare oferit de deseurile de combustie, referitor la: (i) evaluarea compozitiei chimice oxidice si ocurenta HRM; (ii) identificarea elementelor critice de interes si potentialul de reciclare al deseurilor de ardere. UCB si CEO au elaborat fiecare anexe tehnice în care au prezentat detaliat: (i) informaţii despre centralele electrice pe lignit; (ii) fluxurile tehnologice; (iii) sistemele de colectare, evacuare şi transport zgură şi cenuşă.
Activitate I.2.
UCB şi CEO au elaborat fiecare anexe tehnice în care au prezentat informaţii despre: (i) sistemele de evacuare şi transport deşeuri rezultate în urma arderii lignitului în centralele pe lignit; (ii) localizarea geografică şi posibilităţi de acces pentru depozitele de zgură şi cenuşă pentru centralele termoelectrice din cadrul Complexului Energetic Oltenia (atât pentru cele din judeţul Gorj cât şi pentru judeţul Dolj); (iii) caracteristicile tehnice ale depozitelor de zgură şi cenuşă; (IV) suprafeţe de teren ocupate; (V) capacităţi de depozitare.
Activitate I.3: 
Au fost achizitionate in 2015 o serie de echipamente necesare in cadrul proiectului urmand procedurile legale si normele de achizitie interne ale UPB si UCB.
Activitate I.4: 
UCB şi CEO au elaborat anexe tehnice în care sunt descrise lucrările de (i) Prelevare a probelor elementare de cenuşă, (ii) Obţinerea probelor medii reprezentative, (iii) Prelevarea şi pregătirea probelor elementare de cărbune energetic. Probele reprezentative de cenuşă şi cărbune au fost transmise Partenerului UPB pentru efectuarea lucrărilor specifice de cercetare, conform Planului de realizare a proiectului.
Activitate I.5:
A fost transmis in Portugalia numarul solicitat de probe pentru realizarea caracterizarilor prevazute in proiect.
Activitate I.6:
În cadrul Laboratorului UCB au fost prelucrate preliminar cantităţi reprezentative din probele medii de cenuşă, prin separare pe fracţii dimensionale Probele de cenuşă sortate pe fracţii dimensionale au fost transmise UPB pentru realizarea activităţilor specifice.
UCB a elaborat Anexa tehnică în care sunt prezentate lucrările de sortare pe fracţii dimensionale a probelor medii de cenuşă, probele astfel sortate fiind transmise UPB. Activitate II.1: UCB si CEO au evaluat cantităţile de CWP existente în depozitele istorice aparţinând CEO, situate atât în judeţul Gorj cât şi judeţul Dolj, şi au estimat cantităţile de CWP generate anual, pentru fiecare termocentrală în parte. Având în vedere cantităţile foarte mari de CWP existente în aceste depozite, aceste depozite istorice pot fi asimilate cu adevărate zăcăminte naturale, putând fi exploatate şi valorificate în mod adecvat în funcţie de domeniul de utilizare. Totodată, această activitate a relevat şi cantităţile foarte mari de CWP generate anual de CEO. Au fost realizate anexe tehnice privind: (i) cantităţile de CWP generate annual de termocentralele aparţinând CEO, (ii) cantităţile de CWP stocate în depozitele istorice de zgură şi cenuşă aferente termocentralelor Işalniţa şi Craiova II.
Activitate II.2:
A fost realizate anexe tehnice privind resursele de carbuni si capacitatile de producere a energiei la nivel national, in perspectiva dezvoltarii unui proces de reciclare a cenusilor in vederea recuperarii HRM precum si motivaţiile şi concluziile selectării depozitului tinta. A fost creata o bază de date cu informaţii despre depozitele de CWP din jud. Gorj si din cadrul CEO.
Activitate II.3:
A fost elabort un studiu de catre UPB, UCB si CEO care vizeaza evaluarea punctuala a citorva aspecte de interes pentru partenerul industrial, in perspectiva unei activitati ulterioare de exploatare a deseurilor existente in haldele istorice pentru extragerea metalelor grele si rare precum si si evaluarea implicaţiilor de mediu privind extragerea metalelor grele din depozitele de CWP in perspectiva dezvoltarii unui proces de reciclare a cenusilor si recuperarea HRM.
Activitate II.4:
UCB a elaborat un studiu care releva: (i) Modificări ale compoziţiei chimice oxidice, în sensul diminuării conţinutului de Al2O3, Fe2O3, MgO, CaO şi K2O, (ii) Creşterea conţinutului de carbon rezidual, (iii) Conservarea caracteristicii de constanţă a proprietăţilor (densitate, distribuţie dimensională) pe întreg volumul depozitului CWP studiat. UCB a elaborat un raport de experimentare în care sunt prezentate lucrările de laborator efectuate.
Activitate II.5:
UPB a elaborat un Raport stiintific privind prelevarea si pregatirea probelor pentru analiza tehnica si caracterizarea petrografica. Au fost efectuate determinari cantitative ale compozitiei petrografice pentru punerea in evidenta a compozitiei si evidentierea fazelor anorganice si organice. UPB a elaborat un raport de experimentare în care sunt prezentate lucrările de laborator efectuate.
Activitate II.6:
UPB a elaborat un raport de experimentare privind caracterizarea probelor individuale de carbuni şi a amestecurilor, precum si a probelor de cenusa prin analize tehnice (umiditate, cenuşă, materii volatile, sulf total, carbon fix). Determinarea HRM in cenusa, aflata in responsabilitatea Partenerului P4 (Universitatea din Porto) s-a efectuat prin subcontractarea cu laboratorul acreditat pentru astfel de analize Bureau Veritas Commodities Canada Ltd. Vancouver BC V6P 6E5 CANADA raport furnizat UPB in 10 Martie 2016. Se prezinta rezultate SEM/EDS (asupra probelor de carbuni amestec pentru identificarea prezentei lantanidelor, Ytriului si Strontiului (LATSr)) si ICP-MS (pentru stabilirea compozitiei elementelor minore in cenusi (25 elemente cu concentratii interesante, care include cele 21 elemente tinta ale proiectului), precum si evaluarea statistica a rezultatelor. Au fost caracterizati carbunii care alimenteaza termocentrala Turceni. Au fost efectuate determinari cantitative ale compozitiei elementelor REE in carbuni prin analiza SEM/EDS. Au fost efectuate determinari cantitative prin analize ICP-MS a HRM si REE si au fost identificate si determinate 25 elemente de interes, cu punerea in evidenta a repartizarii distributiei acestora pe zone si pe adancimi. Au fost evaluate statistic rezultatele obtinute si a fost intocmit un raport stiintific.
Activitate II.7:
UCB a caracterizat din punct de vedere al compoziţiei granulometrice toate cele 205 de probe elementare de cenuşă prelevate din Depozitul Valea Ceplea, obţinând valorile specifice selactate. CEO a asigurat caracterizarea fizică a umidităţii şi densităţii în vrac a tuturor probelor individuale de cenuşă. Au fost prezentate detaliat de catre UCB toate rezultatele obţinute în urma încercărilor laborioase de laborator pe probele individuale de cenuşă prelevate. CEO a întocmit un raport de experimentare, în care sunt expuse metodele de lucru şi rezultatele obţinute în cazul testelor de laborator efectuate. UPB, a evaluat rezultatele transmise de UP privind caracterizarea a 25 probe de cenusa din punct de vedere mineralogic (XRD), al compoxitiei oxidice (XRF), a compozitiei elementelor REE prin analiza SEM/EDS. Au fost identificate si determinate LAYSr ca elemente de interes, cu punerea in evidenta a repartizarii distributiei acestora pe zone si pe adancimi. Au fost evaluate statistic rezultatele obtinute si a fost intocmit un raport stiintific.
Activitate II.8:
UCB a obţinut cantităţi reprezentative de cenuşă grupat pe 9 clase dimensionale în intervalele de la sub 0.063mm pina peste 4mm din care eşentioane reprezentative au fost transmise UPB. In vederea identificarii potentiale a unor aspecte noi privind repartizarea concentratiilor HRM pe fractii granulometrice, s-a decis aplicarea procedurilor de separare granulometrica si determinarea concentratiilor HRM pe fractii. Au fost caracterizate probele de cenusa separate pe fractii granulometrice din punctul de vedere al analizei tehnice. Au fost efectuate determinari cantitative ale compozitiei elementelor REE in cenusi, pe fractii granulometrice prin analiza ICP-MS. Au fost identificate si determinate 25 elemente de interes, cu punerea in evidenta a repartizarii distributiei acestora pe fractii granulometrice. Au fost evaluate statistic rezultatele obtinute si a fost intocmit un raport stiintific.
Activitate II.9:
UPB a elaborat un studiu in care se prezinta pe etape progresul activitatii. S-a studiat cinetica solubilizării în acid azotic la diferite concentraţii şi temperaturi. S-au trasat curbele de etalonare pentru elementele care au dat un semnal mai puternic în urma determinarilor calitative. S-a pregatit materialului in vederea analizei şi s-au stabilit cantitatile de solutie necesare. S-a efectuat analiza calitativa pentru stabilirea elementelor posibil de analizat prin AAS. S-au trasat curbele de etalonare pentru elementele analizate. S-a determinat cantitativ conținutul de elemente utile. S-a evaluat raportul dintre concentratia acidului, temperatura de reacție și timpul de contact; stabilirea timpului pentru extracția totală a elementelor utile din cenușă. S-a stabilit metoda optima tehnologic de extractie a elementelor utile din cenușă.
Activitate II.10:
UPB a elaborat un studiu privind eficienta sistemelor de extractive propuse. Sistemul de extracţie optim a fost Brij30/AcOBu/Apa deoarece eficienţa de extracţie a ionului Co2+ şi Rb+ a prezentat cele mai mari valori (99.7% pentru Co2+, respectiv 40.26% pentru Rb+). În urma testelor preliminare s-a constatat că pentru recuperarea metalelor grele şi rare din probe de cenuşi sunt obligatorii etape preliminare de separare a metalelor majoritare. În acest sens, s-a efectuat un studiu bibliografic cu privire la metodele de separare a acestor metale din diverse medii apoase.
Activitate II.11:
Au fost achizitionate mai multe echipamente de laborator necesare in cadrul proiectului cf. documentelor justificative aferente etapei de decontare II 2016. Dupa punerea in functiune a echipamentelor acestea au fost utilizate in cadrul laboratorului UPB-CPMTE.
Activitate II.12:
UPB a elaborate un Raport privind activitatea de diseminare: despre deplasarea in strainatate, in care se prezinta informatii referitoare la simpozion/congres: denumire, perioada desfasurare, locul de desfasurare, programul evenimentului, titlul lucrarii care s-a prezentat, autorii. S-a participat la 2 intilniri in cadrul proiectului si 1 workshop. S-au publicat 6 lucrari de diseminare, in parteneriat care includ Brosura proiectului si pagina WEB a proiectului.

  1. Rezumatul etapei 2017

Rezumatul Etapei III - 2017 si Etapei II - 2016 se prezinta pe activitati, astfel:

Activitate III.1.
S-a intocmit un Studiu privind “Corelarea caracteristicilor CWP în funcție de gradul de carbonificare al carbunilor si parametrii tehnologici” in care se prezinta punctual informații cu caracter general dar si privind situatia de la noi din tara din Bazinul carbonifer Oltenia și caracteristicile deșeurilor de ardere în ceea ce privește condițiile de prelucrare termochimica. Raportul prezinta particularitățile formării geologice a lignitilor din bazinului Olteniei cu repercusiuni asupra procesului de ardere în centrale electrice si relațiile dintre caracteristicile cărbunelui și cenușii. Este redata compozitia chimica si variațiile diferitilor componenti petrografici în funcție de sursă și sorturile granulometrice ale cenusilor. Sunt prezentate fluxurile generale de materii prime si deseuri intr-o termocentrala din Oltenia, inclusiv detalii privind diferitele tipuri de deseuri generate, precum si modul lor de stocare, caracteristicile reprezentative ale acestora, inclusiv cele evidentiate petrografic. Se prezinta modalitati de reciclare a cenusii si zgurii de termocentrala, aspecte privind protectia mediului si prioritatile nationale, legislatia europeana referitoare la deseuri si utilizarea durabila a resurselor, inclusiv legate de economia circulara aplicata in cadrul RAREASH.
Activitate III.2.
UPB a elaborat o anexa tehnica in care se prezintă “Modificarea si adaptarea echipamentelor de laborator pentru obtinerea de adsorbanti functionalizati in scopul utilizarii la depoluare”. Raportul prezinta detaliat modul in care au fost alcatuite probele cumulate pe fractii granulometrice provenite de la Turceni si Govora si rezultatele caracterizarii fizico-chimice. Se prezinta consideratii privind repartizarea preferentiala a carbonului rezidual in fractiile grosiere ceea ce înseamnă că, carbonul nears ar putea juca un anume rol ca material de substitutie a diferitelor tipuri de materiale lignocelulozice utilizate pentru obtinerea adsorbantilor. Se prezinta echipamentul in care s-a realizat etapa de activare a carbonului rezidual selectat din cenusa, cu evidentierea parametrilor folositi. Se prezinta rezultatele caracterizarii porozimetrice a probelor de cenusa bogate in carbon residual, inainte si dupa activare, respectiv izotermele de adsorbție-desorbție și volumele de pori pentru probele de carbon si consideratii privind relatia intre suprafata specifica a acestor materiale poroase, cu zone mici de microporozitate, in relatie cu prezența carbonului rezidual în probe.
Activitate III.3:
S-a intocmit un studiu/anexa tehnica privind: Recuperarea  componentelor (reactivi, nanoparticule oxidice, nanoparticule metalice). Se prezinta informatii din literatura privind justificarea metodelor alese si metodologia de extractie si recuperare a unor metale din medii apoase.
Se prezinta procesul de extracție şi concentrare a metalelor Galiu (Ga) și Samariu (Sm) care a fost realizat în sistemul de microemulsie de tip Winsor II (microemulsie de tip apă-în-ulei, exces de apă) pe probe sintetice si experimentale de cenusa.
Activitate III.4: 
UPB a elaborat un studiu preliminar privind “Evaluarea fezabilitatii tehnico-economice a procedurilor/metodelor propuse. Elaborare referential” în care sunt descrise lucrările de evaluare a concentratiei elementelor tinta in probele supuse cercetarii. Au fost parcurse o serie de etape de studiu privind: i). Stabilirea curbelor de etalonare pentru elementele tinta stabilite; ii). Evaluarea concentratiei elementelor tinta prin analize de absorbtie atomica (AA); iii) Au fost efectuate 5 serii de experimente importante pentru atingerea scopului proiectului, respectiv: probe de cenusa probe medii reprezentative pe zone si adincimi; probe reprezentative pentru halda Ceplea; probe reprezentative separate granulometric; probe reprezentative separate magnetic; probe primite din Portugalia (UP). Totodata au fost efectuate trei serii de atac acid: cu HNO3 conc., H2SO4 conc., si diluat. S-a efectuat un calcul tehnico economic preliminar de estimare a costurilor de tratare a 100 g (laborator) si 10 t de cenusa (industrial).
Activitate III.5:
Activitatea III.5 a presupus caracterizarea multidisciplinara a probelor de cenusa, activitate realizata in parteneriat UPB, UCB, CEO si UP. UCB a intocmit un studiu/anexa tehnica privind: Caracterizarea probelor individuale prin analiza granulometrica. UCB a asigurat inventarierea și marcarea probelor elementare de cenușă, repectiv pregătirea acestora pentru efectuarea testelor de laborator necesare determinării principalelor caracteristici fizice. Testele de laborator au fost realizate astfel: determinarea umidității (uscare probe elementare) și a distribuției dimensionale a particulelor din cenușă (compoziția granulometrică). CEO a asigurat prelevarea de probe, care au fost transmise UCB. Testele de laborator au fost realizate respective determinarea densității în vrac. Caracterizarea probelor reprezentative prin analiza tehnica a fost efectuata de UPB iar analiza chimica oxidica (majore, minore si REE) inclusiv prin metode petrografice a fost efectuata de partenerul UP (Universitatea din Porto). Se prezinta detaliat pe tipuri de probleme, contributia UPB si UP in ceea ce priveste metodele de analiza utilizate, rezultatele obtinute si consideratiile care au fost facute.
Activitate III.6:
Activitatea III.6 a presupus prepararea preliminara a probelor reprezentative, activitate realizata in parteneriat UPB, UCB. Su-a intocmit doua rapoarte stiintifice: Separarea probelor pe fractii granulometrice (UCB) si Caracterizarea probelor pe fractii granulometrice (UPB). Se prezinta rezultatele obtinute in cazul probelor de cenusa „fresh”.
Activitate III.7:
UPB a elaborat un raport preliminar privind concentrarea elementelor tinta identificate prin metode chimice. Pentru precipitarea elementelor majoritare, care au influenţă mare asupra posibilităţilor de separare a elementelor utile din soluţia de extracţie, se propune metoda varierii pH-ului.
Activitate III.8:
UPB a elaborate un Raport privind activitatea de diseminare: despre deplasarea in strainatate, in care se prezinta informatii referitoare la simpozion/congres: denumire, perioada desfasurare, locul de desfasurare, programul evenimentului, titlul lucrarii care s-a prezentat, autorii. S-a participat la 2 intilniri in cadrul proiectului si 1 workshop. S-au publicat 3 lucrari in Proceedings, s-au prezentat 2 lucrari la un congres, s-a transmis 1 lucrare la o revista cu factor de impact 5,4, in parteneriat.

 

2Portugal
3Poland

Events and publications

2015

ERA-MIN Kick-off Meeting, 17-19/03/2015, Berlin

67th Annual Meeting of the International Committee for Coal and Organic Petrology, September 5-11, 2015, Potsdam, Germany (2 Posters)

1. Predeanu G., Popescu L.G., Abagiu T.A., Valentim B., Guedes A., Bialecka B., Moszko J. Coal ashes a potential secondary raw material for the recovery of heavy & rare metals. ICCP Program & Abstract Book. 67th Annual Meeting of the International Committee for Coal and Organic Petrology, September 5-11. 2015, Potsdam, Germany. Schriftenreihe der Deutschen Gesellschaft für Geowissenschaften Heft 87, 135-136. ISBN 978-3-510-49236-7.

2. Onose C., Ţane A., Mihaly M., Stamate D., Popa D., A., Rogozea A. Eco-friendly extraction of heavy and rare earth metals from combustion waste products - the kinetic study of the acid attack. ICCP Program & Abstract Book. 67th Annual Meeting of the International Committee for Coal and Organic Petrology, September 5-11. 2015, Potsdam, Germany. Schriftenreihe der Deutschen Gesellschaft für Geowissenschaften Heft 87, ISBN 978-3-510-49236-7.

2016

"Raw Materials University Day", Lisbon, Portugal. April 13, 2016 (Poster).

Predeanu G., Popescu L.G., Abagiu T.A., Valentim B., Flores D., Gonçalves P.A., Guedes A., Ribeiro J., Białecka B., Moszko J.. Assessment of possible recycling directions of heavy & rare metals recovered from combustion waste products – Rareash.

Rareash - Coordination and Technical Groups meeting, 6-8 June, University of Porto, Portugal

Rareash 1st Workshop, Black to Green using Gray“, June 7, 2016, University of Porto, Portugal

ERA-MIN Project Seminar Stockholm October 26, 2016 (Power Point presentations made by Bruno Valentim from the University of Porto).

Participation 11th International Conference on Energy & Environment (EE’16), Bern, Switzerland, December 17-19, 2016 http://iaras.org/iaras/journals/ijes

Popescu L., G., Abagiu A. T., Anghelescu L., Marica M. M., Predeanu, G., Valentim, B. New possibilities for conservation of natural resources by high capitalization of energy industry wastes. International Journal of Environmental Science, Volume 2, 2017, pp. 1-6, ISSN: 2367-8941.

Rareash - Coordination and Technical Groups meeting and Workshop “Black to Green using Gray” (II), 22-26 May 2017, Central Mining Institute (Główny Instytut Górnictwa – GIG), Katowice, POLAND

An overview of the RAREASH project (Assessment of possible recycling directions of heavy & rare metals recovered from combustion waste products). “Institute of Earth Sciences workshop 2017” 26-27 June, Braga, Portugal

P.A. Gonçalves, G. Predeanu, B. Białecka, L.G. Popescu, B. Valentim, A.T. Abagiu, L. Anghelescu, D. Flores, A. Guedes, J. Moszko, J. Ribeiro, V. Slăvescu.
 

GOLDSCHMIDT Conference, 13-18 August 2017 Paris, France: Oltenia (Romania) lignite bottom ash: a secondary raw material of REE and Y (REY).

Valentim B, Abagiu AT, Anghelescu L, Flores D, Gonçalves P, Guedes A, Popescu LG, Predeanu G, Ribeiro J, Slăvescu V., 2017. Abstract. Goldscmhidt2017 Conference. Poster comm. session 18d (gold2017:abs:3222).

The 69 Annual Conference of the International Committee for Coal and Organic Petrology (ICCP), 3-9 September 2017, Bucharest, Romanian Academy Library, Romania

Extraction of heavy and rare earth metals from bottom ash: a kinetic study of the acid attack. C. Onose, M. Mihaly, E.A. Rogozea, G. Predeanu, B. Valentim, A. Guedes, D. Cadar, N.L. Olteanu, A. Meghea. Schriftenreihe der Deutschen Gesellschaft für Geowissenschaften Heft 92, 114-116. ISBN 978-3-510-49239-8.
Assessment of landfilled Oltenia lignite bottom ash (Romania) as a source of rare earth elements. B. Valentim, A.T. Abagiu, L. Anghelescu, D. Flores, D. French, P. Gonçalves, A. Guedes, L.G. Popescu, G. Predeanu, J. Ribeiro, V. Slăvescu, C.R. Ward. Schriftenreihe der Deutschen Gesellschaft für Geowissenschaften Heft 92, 145-147. ISBN 978-3-510-49239-8.

2017 - Participation to different scientific events of the Polish team members of the Central Mining Institute (Główny Instytut Górnictwa – GIG), Katowice, POLAND

Forecoming project meetings and workshops 2017-2018

  • Barbara BIAŁECKA, from Central Mining Institute of Poland, proposed to host the 3rd meeting and 2nd Workshop in May of 2017, in Poland, the place and date to be established later;
  • Georgeta Preadeanu, from University Politehnica of Bucharest, proposed to host the 4th meeting in September of 2017, in Romania;
  • Luminita Georgeta Popescu, from University Constantin Brancusi of Targu Jiu, proposed to host the 5th meeting and 3rd Workshop in May 2018, in Targu Jiu, Romania.

PUBLICATIONS 2017

Gonçalves, P.A., Predeanu, G., Białecka, B., Popescu, L.G., Valentim, B., Abagiu, A.T., Anghelescu, L., Flores, D., Guedes, A., Moszko, J., Ribeiro, J., Slăvescu, V., 2017. An overview of the RAREASH project. Assessment of possible recycling directions of heavy & rare metals recovered from combustion waste products. Jornadas do ICT, 26-27 June, Universidade do Minho. Book of abstracts, pp. 25. ICT – INSTITUTO DE CIÊNCIAS DA TERRA. http://www.ict.org.pt/


“Institute of Earth Sciences workshop 2017” 26-27 June, Braga, Portugal An overview of the RAREASH project (Assessment of possible recycling directions of heavy & rare metals recovered from combustion waste products). P.A. Gonçalves, G. Predeanu, B. Białecka, L.G. Popescu, B. Valentim, A.T. Abagiu, L. Anghelescu, D. Flores, A. Guedes, J. Moszko, J. Ribeiro, V. Slăvescu.

PUBLICATIONS:

  1. J CAŁUS MOSZKO, B BIAŁECKA, M CEMPA-BALEWICZ, A. BAUEREK H:  RARE EARTH ELEMENT CONTENT AND DISTRIBUTION IN ASH-SLAG MIXES DEPOSITED IN THE GARDAWICE LANDFILL, Inżynieria Mineralna – Journal of the Polish Mineral Engineering Society , 2017, 1, 103-110
  1. J CAŁUS MOSZKO, B BIAŁECKA, M CEMPA-BALEWICZ, H ŚWINDER: EVALUATING THE POSSIBILITIES OF OBTAINING INITIAL CONCENTRATES OF RARE EARTH ELEMENTS (REES) FROM FLY ASHES, Metalurgija, 2016, 55, 4, 803-806
  1. H ŚWINDER, B BIAŁECKA,A. JAROSIŃSKI: RECOVERY OF RARE EARTH ELEMENTS FROM COAL COMBUSTION FLY ASHES, 17 International Multidisciplinary Scientific GeoConference SGEM 2017, tom 17, 973-978
  1. M. CEMPA, B. BIAŁECKA, J. CAŁUS-MOSZKO, P. ŁATKA: RAREASH BASE – SUPPORT FOR RAW MATERIAL USE FROM ENERGY WASTE DEPOSITED ON LANDFILLS, 17 International Multidisciplinary Scientific GeoConference SGEM 2017, tom 17, 979-985
  1. K. WIERZCHOWSKI , J. CAŁUS-MOSZKO,  B. BIAŁECKA:PRELIMINARY ASSESSMENT OF THE POSSIBILITIES OF CONCENTRATING THE RARE EARTH METALS BY FLOTATION FROM THE POWER PLANT ASHES, 17 International Multidisciplinary Scientific GeoConference SGEM 2017, tom 17, 1125-1132  
  1.  A. KLUPA , Z.ADAMCZYK, A.HARAT: SPINELS IN THE FLY ASH OF POWER PLANT RYBNIK (POLAND), 17 International Multidisciplinary Scientific GeoConference SGEM 2017, tom 17, 1051-1058
  1.  A. KLUPA , Z.ADAMCZYK, A.HARAT: LANTHANIDES IN MINERAL ELEMENTS FOUND IN FLY ASHES FROM THE RYBNIK POWER PLANT, 17 International Multidisciplinary Scientific GeoConference SGEM 2017, tom 17, 883-888  
  1. H. ŚWINDER, B. BIAŁECKA, A.JAROSIŃSKI:  STUDY ON RECOVERING THE RARE EARTH METALS FROM FLY ASH BY MULTI-STAGE LEACHING WITH SULFURIC(VI).  Przemysł Chemiczny, 96/11/2017, 2238-2241.
  1. S. ŻELAZNY., H. ŚWINDER, B. BIAŁECKA., A. JAROSIŃSKI.: RECOVERY OF RARE EARTH ELEMENTS FROM FLY ASH.  PART 1. LEACHING.  Przemysł Chemiczny, 96/11/2017, 2279-2283 
  1. ŻELAZNY S., ŚWINDER H.,B.  BIAŁECKA., A. JAROSIŃSKI.:  RECOVERY OF RARE EARTH ELEMENTS FROM FLY ASH.  PART 2. PRECIPITATION. Przemysł Chemiczny, 96/11/2017, 2284 – 2290

  2. B. VALENTIM, A.T. ABAGIU, L. ANGHELESCU, D. FLORES, P. GONÇALVES, A. GUEDES, L.G. POPESCU, G. PREDEANU, J. RIBEIRO, V. SLĂVESCU: OLTENIA (ROMANIA) LIGNITE BOTTOM ASH: A SECONDARY RAW MATERIAL OF REE AND Y (REY). Goldschmidt Geochemistry Conference, 13-18 August, 2017, Paris, France

  3. B. VALENTIM, A.T. ABAGIU, L. ANGHELESCU, I.G. CHIRCULESCU, D. FLORES, D. FRENCH, P. GONÇALVES, A. GUEDES, L.G. POPESCU, G. PREDEANU, J. RIBEIRO, V. SLĂVESCU, C.R. WARD: ASSESSMENT OF LANDFILLED OLTENIA LIGNITE BOTTOM ASH (ROMANIA) AS A SOURCE OF RARE EARTH ELEMENTS. IN PRESS. 69th Annual Meeting of the International Committee for Coal and Organic Petrology, September 3-9, 2017, Bucharest, Romania
  4. C. ONOSE, M. MIHALY, E.A. ROGOZEA, G. PREDEANU, B. VALENTIM, A. GUEDES, D. CADAR, N.L. OLTEANU: ASSESSMENT OF LANDFILLED OLTENIA LIGNITE BOTTOM ASH (ROMANIA) AS A SOURCE OF RARE EARTH ELEMENTS. IN PRESS. 69th Annual Meeting of the International Committee for Coal and Organic Petrology, September 3-9, 2017, Bucharest, Romania

PUBLICATIONS IN PRESS (11.2017):

PHD THESES:

  1. Henryk Świnder „Ocena możliwości otrzymywania metali ziem rzadkich z odpadów energetycznych” („Assessment of possibilities of rare earth elements from energy wastes”); opening of the doctoral dissertation: 29.06.2016r; planned closing of the dissertation: 05.2018 y.
  2. Agnieszka Klupa „Ocena zawartości surowców krytycznych w polskich popiołach lotnych” („Evaluation of critical material content in Polish fly ash”); opening of the doctoral dissertation: 29.06.2016r; planned closing of the dissertation: 03.2018 y.

PATENT APPLICATION:

ODZYSK METALI ZIEM RZADKICH Z POPIOŁÓW („RECOVERY OF RARE EARTH ELEMENTS FROM ASHES) P.423021, 2017

Partners

1P1 – CO: UPB – Research Centre of Environmental Protection and Eco-friendly Technologies

University POLITEHNICA of Bucharest (UPB) is the largest and oldest technical university in the country and among the most prestigious universities in Romania, and in South-Eastern Europe. The tradition of our institution has been developed in over 190 years through the effort of the most important nation's schoolmasters and of the generations of students. UPB is undergoing a continuous modernization process, being involved in a permanent dialogue with great universities in Europe and all over the world (www.upb.ro). At present, the University POLITEHNICA of Bucharest is formed by 15 different faculties, being full member in several European and international academic organisations CESAER, IAU, EUA, AUF.

The Faculty of Applied Chemistry and Materials Science goes back to 1867 when Chemistry courses were introduced and taught by Professor Emanuel Bacaloglu in the former School of Bridges, Roads and Mines. The faculty is located in the Polizu buildings built starting with 1886, its domain being ranked among top 100 in the world (www.chim.upb.ro). Besides the courses for the Bachelor's degree, there are Advanced Studies for engineers as well as postgraduate academic schools, etc. Every two years, the faculty supervises The National Conference on Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, taking an active part in the national and overseas scientific publications.

UPB - CPMTE is a non-governmental, non-profit, self- financed unit founded in UPB in 1998, under the frame of EU Tempus Program. Its main objective is developing R&D&I activities in environmental protection and bio-, nano-technologies. As main priority research area of CPMTE are: developing advanced eco-friendly technologies and methods for pollution control in environmental factors and food contamination, research for replacing synthetic chemicals by natural bioactive principles, developing of so-nanotechnology techniques for obtaining new multifunctional materials and nano-structures applied in environmental protection, nutrition, cosmetics, pharmaceutics, optoelectronics, biophotonics and cultural heritage preservation, quality control of chemical products, coal combustion products, food, biomaterials. Some quantifiable results during the last 5 years: over 70 papers published in ISI journals, 2 patents, 7 national and 7 international projects coordinated.

The main contribution of P1 –UPB in this project will be:

i) experimental models for sampling and characterization of raw materials;

ii) analytical solutions for HRM separation and processing by several extraction techniques;

iii) synthesis and characterization of high purity reagents, metals and metallic salts, novel nanostructured metal oxides catalysts on various supports;

iv) dissemination of results by preparing scientific articles, patent application, market potential replication.

2P2: UCB – Faculty of Engineering of University "Constantin Brancusi" of Targu Jiu

University "Constantin Brancusi" of Targu-Jiu is a state higher education accredited institution, established in 1992 which operates under the coordination of the Ministry of National Education and Scientific Research based on the principles of university autonomy and academic freedom. University "Constantin Brancusi” of Targu-Jiu assumed by the strategic plan: - a fundamental role in developing research and promoting scientific research and to the needs of society and connection to European trends;
- harmonization of educational process with European guidelines and adapting the educational offer to the labor market and demographic trends;
- enhancing institutional capacity, improving the quality of the educational prerequisite for the university;
- a strategic management approach in order to strengthen the institution's position on the regional and national development of cooperation with foreign universities and university academic programs at European and global level.
Priority directions of research undertaken by university are as follows:
- Recoverable resources in the context of globalization;
- Energy and Environment;
- Economics Development;
- Management development;
- Management and development change;
- Governance;
- Development actors;
- Development strategies - political power and development - cultural prerequisites of development.
The main contributions of P2 -UCB in this project will be:
i) experimental sampling and characterization of raw materials;
ii) preliminary preparation of the ashes provided either from the industrial dump;
iii) dissemination of results by organising a workshop, preparing scientific articles, patent application.

3P3: CEO – Complexul Energetic Oltenia
Complexul Energetic Oltenia was established in accordance with the Government Decision No. 1024/2011 concerning the reorganisation of the electricity producers, by the merger of the following companies: Complexul Energetic Rovinari SA; Complexul Energetic Turceni SA; Complexul Energetic Craiova SA; Societatea Națională a Lignitului Oltenia Târgu Jiu SA. The company is administered in a dualist system by the Directorate and the Supervisory Board.
Number of employees: approx. 15,200: 5,200 employees - energy activity and 10,000 employees - mining activity
Object of activity: lignite - fired energy and thermal power generation; lignite extraction and preparation.
Production capacities: 13 power units with an installed capacity of 3900 MW and 134 high capacity mining equipment able to provide a production capacity of over 34 million tons of lignite per year distributed over 11 open pits with continuous flow extraction technologies. Energy market: In 2015, CE Oltenia achieved sales of electricity (98%), sales of thermal energy (2%), and provided approx. 3634 hGW ancillary services. In Romania, the power producers are divided according to the source of power generation, unlike the rest of the world, where there is only a mixture of sources to generate power
Complexul Energetic Oltenia offers: basic power in the National Power System; exploiting Oltenia lignite resources with maximum efficiency; safe energy - a significant factor of stability in the National Power System; the generation of energy is not depending on the atmospheric factors; efficient power; wide experience in the field of activity; efficient and reliable generation process by extending the lifetime of the existing production capacities; all 13 power units are qualified to provide ancillary services; 10 power units are qualified to provide Secondary Control; relatively cheap energy - the generation cost is below the average in the National Power System; clean energy - meeting all the environmental requirements. Complexul Energetic Oltenia is a major player on the local energy market and aims at becoming a significant player on the regional market through energy export at competitive prices.
WHY Complexul Energetic Oltenia? Provides safe power supply of consumers under conditions of random operation of the renewable power producers; Mitigates environmental impact and provides power efficiency due to the implemented projects; Is able to provide 30% of the power consumption in the national power system; Provides over 95% of the lignite production in Romania; Provides 15,000 jobs within the company and other 150,000 jobs outside the company; Able to be a major regional and European player
The main contributions of P3-CEO in this project will be:
i) inventory and mapping of the residue streams distribution within the selected sites;
ii) experimental sampling and physical characterization of ash samples;
iii) dissemination of results by participating to workshops, visit to ash deposits, preparing scientific articles, patent application.
4P4: UP - Faculty of Sciences of Porto University
The Faculty of Sciences (FCUP) is a school of the University of Porto (UP), a University that is characterized by its long history, and has some of the most productive and internationally renowned Portuguese R&D centers responsible for over 20% of the Portuguese articles indexed each year in the ISI Web of Science.
The UP research team is being responsible for nearly one hundred years of research in coal geology, and applied coal and coal combustion products characterization, and also by university level education. Its actual staff composition includes university professors that always include academic and practical education in its research activities: new themes to its curricula; dissemination activities (workshops, seminars, etc); and, advanced formation opportunities to undergraduate, graduate, masters, and students.
The UP team also incorporates highly motivated and specialized researchers in the field of fly ash and boom ash, and transformation of mineral matter from coal combustion. They have skills in the utilization of advanced characterization techniques, e.g. Raman spectroscopy, Magnetic Susceptibility, Spectrophotometry, High Resolution SEM/EDS, QEMScan, and also in standardized sampling, sample separation techniques, and geochemical analysis of a wide range of geologic materials.
Additionally, due to its experience in research and “problem posing-problem solving” issues related to coal ashes, and its long date participation in the fly ash classification activities of the International Committee for Coal and Organic Petrology, the UP team complement this proposal consortium with its strategic vision and excellent skill of its researchers by proposing an out-of-box opportunity to short-circuiting the geosphere materials cycle.
The main contributions of P4 – UP – Faculty of Sciences of Porto University in this project will be:
i) complex characterization of raw materials;
ii) dissemination of results by organising a workshop, and preparing scientific articles.
5P5: LIPOR – Intermunicipal Waste Management of Greater Porto
LIPOR – Intermunicipal Waste Management of Greater Porto is a Portuguese enterprise responsible for the management, recovery and treatment of about 500,000 tons of municipal waste - MW - that are produced by about 1 million inhabitants.
Lipor has developed an integrated strategy for the recovery, treatment and confinement of MW, based on three main areas:
Multi-material Recovery, Organic Recovery and Energy Recovery, which are complemented by a Landfill where rejected and previously prepared waste is sent to. The Lipor Energy Recovery Plant processes 1000 tons of waste per day and produces 25 MWh of energy. The waste is burned at 1000- 1200°C producing energy, gases, dross and and ash. After inertization the ash is confined in the sanitary landfill. In the scope of its sustainable management strategy, Lipor has established a Quality, Environment, Safety, Social Accountability and Innovation policy, that should apply to every activity, product and service, including among others:
(i) To promote the implementation of a structured innovation process that reinforces corporate knowledge, promotes innovation and creativity and thus increases the value of the Organisation.
(ii) Education, training, information and knowledge sharing are key factors for this Policy, which contribute to LIPOR's sustainability and success.
The main contributions of P5 – LIPOR – Intermunicipal Waste Management of Greater Porto in this project will be the sampling of fly ash and boom ash from municipal solid waste incineration.
6P6: Główny Instytut Górnictwa – Central Mining Institute, Katowice Poland, (GIG)
It is a Polish institution dedicated specifically to research the most relevant aspects of coal mining, with very significant contributions related to geo-mechanics and support.
Created in 1945, GIG - Główny Instytut Górnictwa is a Polish governmental research institute engaged in problems of mining engineering, safety in mines and environmental protection in the hard coal mining sector
The multidisciplinary activities of the Institute comprise the following fields: mining engineering, geology and hydrogeology, geophysical engineering, combating natural and technical hazards in the mining industry, upgrading and utilization of minerals and reserves, monitoring and environmental protection in areas of mining exploitation, especially industrial waste management, certification of equipment and materials. GIG has extensive experience of acting as partner and coordinator of EU Programmes and RFCS projects. GIG has been involved in over 20 EU Programmes / RFCS RTD Projects over the last 10 years. GIG employs a staff of 586, including over 448 graduates, more than 112 of whom hold PhD or DSc degrees.
A part of the Institute constitutes the Experimental Mine “Barbara” established in 1925.
The main contributions of P6 – GIG – Central Mining Institute, Katowice Poland in this project will be:
i) experimental sampling and characterization of raw materials;
ii) preliminary preparation of the ashes provided from the industrial dump;
iii) complex characterization of raw materials;
iv) dissemination of results by organising a workshop, and preparing scientific articles.
7P7: ADW
The Industrial Partner of Polish partnership is crucial for optimal selection and composition of original flotation reagent for innovative flotation process. It is experienced in production of chemical reagents, including flotation reagents.
The main contributions of P7-ADW, Poland in this project will be:
- dedicated reagents preparation, reagents improvements aer initial tests;
- dissemination of the results.

Contact


1
Project Manager: Dr. Georgeta PREDEANU
P1 - Coordinator: UPB - University POLITEHNICA of Bucharest, Research Centre for Environmental Protection and Eco-Friendly Technologies, Gh. Polizu St. 1, District 1, Code 011061 Bucharest ROMANIA
Tel. +40213154193, Fax +40213154193; gpredeanu@gmail.com
2
Prof. Luminiţa Georgeta POPESCU
P2: UCB - University „Constantin Brâncuși” of Târgu Jiu, Târgu Jiu, ROMANIA, Calea Eroilor St. nr. 30, Gorj County, Code 210136
Tel. +40253214307, Fax +40253215794; luminita.popescu69@gmail.com
3
Eng. Ionel Gabriel CHIRCULESCU
P3: CEO – Complexul Energetic Oltenia SA, 5 Alexandru Ioan Cuza Street, Târgu Jiu, Gorj County, ROMANIA, Code 210140
Tel. +40253205401, Fax +40253227280; gabriel.chirculescu@ceoltenia.ro
4
Dr. Bruno VALENTIM
P4: UP - University of Porto, The Faculty of Sciences, Rua do Campo Alegre, S/N, 4169-007 Porto
Tel. +351 220402090, Fax +351 220402099; bvvalent@fc.up.pt
5
Ms. Elsa TEIXEIRA
P5: LIPOR – Serviço Intermunicipalizado de Gesãto de Resíduos do Grande Porto, Porto, PORTUGAL Address: Apartado 1510/4435-996 Baguim do Monte
Tel. +351229770100, Fax +351229756038; elsa.teixeira@lipor.pt
6
Prof. Barbara BIAŁECKA
P6: CMI - Central Mining Instute, Department of Post-Industrial Sites and Waste Management Katowice, POLAND, Plac Gwarków 1, Code 40-166 Katowice
Tel. +48322581631, Fax +48322596533; bbialecka@gig.katowice.pl
7
Eng. Wojciech DUDEK
P7: ADW – Przedsiębiorstwo Przemysłowo-Handlowe Sp. z.o.o. “ADW” Wyry, POLAND, Zbozowa 2, Code 43-175 Wyry
Tel. +48322187185, Fax +48323230085; wojtek@adw.com.pl